Today we are facing an unprecedented crisis with devastating health, economic and social effects which are being felt around the world. The response from the international community to the Covid-19 pandemic has been extraordinary and vast: different appeals have been launched, substantial financing is being provided, and projects are being implemented. All of this calls for greater data-driven transparency of humanitarian and development financing and activities. We as an international community need to better track this information to enable a more coordinated and effective response towards affected populations.
This new Covid-19 tracking prototype has been developed through the Grand Bargain transparency workstream to visualise the response to Covid-19 as a pathway towards more comprehensive tracking, including what activities are being financed in affected countries. This visualisation is based on the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)'s Financial Tracking Service (FTS) and International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) data and will be updated daily as new data becomes available through each source.
(Jump to Frequently-asked questions.)
The visualisation contains data on contributions, demonstrating international resource mobilisation efforts, and activities (generally speaking, projects), containing more detailed information that could be useful in analysing the country-level response. The contributions data comes from OCHA's FTS. The activity level data comes from IATI.
The contributions page is most useful for understanding total aggregate funding, and the activities page most useful for understanding how funding is broken down by project.
The contributions page contains a summary of total funding to date against the Covid-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan. This page also contains an aggregation and detailed breakdown of funding against the Covid-19 emergency.
The visualisation does not contain any double-counting, though it does currently contain funding at different stages of the process. The dataset contains pledges, commitments, and paid contributions (see the status column in the detailed data). The status of an individual contribution is updated as it progresses through these stages.
The contributions data is extracted from the FTS Public API.
The activities page lists activities that various organisations are involved in. 'Activity' can have multiple meanings, depending on the business processes of the respective organisation. Often, it is synonymous with a 'project', but it can also contain country-wide programmes, budget support, or contributions to other organisations.
The activities page will contain double-counting, as activities will be reported by multiple organisations throughout the delivery chain of the same overarching project. There are mechanisms in IATI to avoid double counting (by stating where the funds have come from), generally called 'traceability'. However, implementation of these mechanisms will vary between publishers. While there is greater traceability between the UK's Department for International Development and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and their respective implementing partners, traceability is not yet widespread for flows between large organisations. For more information on how Grand Bargain signatories are publishing their data, see the IATI Humanitarian Data Portal.
Only COVID-19 activities are captured and displayed in the visualisation and the underlying data. IATI ativities are marked as COVID-19 related (and therefore included) if they meet any of the following criteria (largely following the IATI COVID-19 publishing guidance):
humanitarian-scopematches the GLIDE code "EP-2020-000012-001" (this is the GLIDE code that IATI uses for the COVID-19 emergency)
humanitarian-scopematches the Humanitarian Response Plan code "HCOVD20"
covid19-datagithub repository. The data files are automatically updated every 24 hours.
The activity data is extracted from the d-portal API using the above criteria.
The flows page contains the same selection of activities as the activities page. Data is filtered to a particular organisation type (e.g. government, multilateral, NGO), which is initially set to "Government" but can be changed by the user at the top of the page.
The topmost table shows a summary of data by disbursements and direct expenditure. This should help to identify any coding issues – for example: where an organisation has stated that 100% of their spending is direct expenditure, but this is known not to be the case.
Below the table is a visualisation of flows for each publishing organisation. The specific organisation can be selected from the drop-down list (this drop-down shows only publishers for the selected organisation type, which can be changed at the top of the page).
The visualisation can be customised by:
The tables below the visualisation show the same data as the visualisation, but in tabular format. They also contain more detail as the visualisation is limited to displaying the top 10 largest entries.
The data for the Contributions tab is from the UN Financial Tracking Service (FTS), while the data for the Activities and Flows tabs is from organisations participating in the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI). These are two different information ecosystems, with different goals and procedures, so the results will usually differ as well: for example, the FTS data is curated and focusses specifically on humanitarian appeals and emergencies within the UN system and its partners, while the IATI data is self-reported includes a wider variety of aid-related organisations.
The data is updated daily, using the latest available from FTS and IATI.
The FTS Contributions tab contains exclusively humanitarian data. The IATI Activities and Flows tabs contain both humanitarian and development data (IATI participants self-declare which activities are humanitarian). The visualisation allows you to filter to see only humanitarian, only development, or both.
Yes. FTS data includes the primary humanitarian actors who work in or with the UN system, but there are many aid organisations not included. The IATI ecosystem includes over 1,200 aid-related organisations (humanitarian and development) but there are still some organisations who choose not to publish their activities and financial data, and they will be missing from the visualisation.
This tool focuses on the activity and financial aspects of IATI data. IATI data can also include results, links to documents and sub-national location data, and budget and organisation data. You can find more of this information at https://d-portal.org
Information about FTS data and methodology is available at https://fts.unocha.org/content/about-fts-what-fts
You can learn more about IATI at https://iatistandard.org/
We welcome feedback on this tool. Please send your comments to firstname.lastname@example.org
Development Initiatives originally built this tool in May 2020 as part of the Grand Bargain Transparency work stream. Since January 2021, The OCHA Centre for Humanitarian Data has maintained and enhanced it.
Each nightly download of the data is stored and available for access via the project GitHub repository at https://github.com/OCHA-DAP/covid19-data/tree/gh-pages A script is also available for technical users.
A Commitment is a specific type of transaction in the IATI data standard. A commitment represents a legal agreement from one party to another to make funds available.
A Disbursement is a specific type of transaction in the IATI data standard. A disbursement represents the actual transfer of funds from one party to another.
Within a single IATI activity, a Commitment will usually preceed a Disbursement. In many instances, there could be several Commitments and Disbursements in an IATI activity, and they may not follow a strict chronological order.
None! IATI data uses the terms interchangeably.
IATI has a centralised list of countries and their codes, using the ISO 3166-1 standard: https://iatistandard.org/en/iati-standard/203/codelists/country/
An IATI activity represents a portfolio, programme, project, activity, or any other way that aid organisations publishing to IATI choose to divide up their work. Some IATI publishers may use activities to represent a mix of their business and operational units.
IATI has a master list of sectors for development work, which are based on the OECD DAC "Purpose Codes". These are thematic codes used in the development sector, to classify funding and projects: https://iatistandard.org/en/iati-standard/203/codelists/sector/
For humanitarian classification, some IATI publishers also use the cluster and area-of-interest classification at https://data.humdata.org/dataset/global-coordination-groups-beta
The IATI Secretariat published this guidance document to assist IATI publishers in describing their COVID-19 actions in a common way. The guidance details various ways in which COVID-19 can be added to IATI data: https://iatistandard.org/en/guidance/standard-guidance/covid-19/
No. These flows are constructed from IATI data, and do no use any FTS sources.
The three Excel files present different views of the COVID-19-related IATI activity data. The "activities" file details the activity-level data, and aggregates the transactions; the "transactions" file provides all transations, each in a new speadsheet row; the "transactions - by country and sector" file provides further segmentation for the top activities, when activities have multiple sectors and/or countries.
Alongside the spreadsheet formats for download, data is available in the original IATI format (XML) and an alternative format known as JSON. These formats are useful for technical specialists who want to perform more-advanced analysis of the data.
The front end of the prototype is built in Vue.JS and hosted as a static site on Github pages. The data is extracted from the FTS and D-Portal APIs, and reprocessed and condensed daily, using scripts written in Python and run on Travis.
All of the tools we have developed are shared as open source software: